Strep throat is a transmittable bacterial infection brought about by the group A streptococcal bacteria. The condition generally affects the throat and tonsils. The throat is irritated, infected and ends up with sore throat.
The condition can spread to others via inhalation of respiratory droplets. Young children are likely to be affected by strep throat.
School-age children between the ages of 5-15 years old are prone to the condition. In addition, more cases are reported during late fall and early spring.
What are the indications?
- Severe sore throat that arises abruptly with whitish or yellowish spots on the rear part of the throat
- Fever and headache
- Reddened and enlarged tonsils
- Pain and difficulty while swallowing
- Stomach pain
- Appetite loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Skin rashes
- Body aches
Management of strep throat
Some of the treatment options for strep throat include drugs and conservative measures such as:
- Oral antibiotics
- Proper hydration by drinking more fluids as well as warm liquids to soothe the throat
- Over-the-counter medications that help lessen the throat pain and lower the fever
- Adequate rest can hasten the recovery period
- Limit or cessation of smoking
- Nasal saline sprays or a humidifier can assist with breathing
- Warm salt water gargle
In case complications from strep throat occur, hospitalization might be required.
Some of the preventive measures to lower the risk for ending up with strep throat include the following:
- Regular hand washing with water and soap
- Always cover the mouth while sneezing or coughing
- Avoid sharing of personal items such as utensils, drinking glasses or clothes while infected
- Children with the infection must stay at home
- If handwashing is not possible, a hand sanitizer can be used.