An ankle splint might be required for ankle injuries. A splint is required to avoid placing any pressure on the damaged ankle while on the way to the healthcare facility.
A splint can be created by using a pillow along with tape. A pillow is not sturdy enough for leg fractures such as the femur or tibia but can provide adequate support for an injured ankle.
Assessment of the ankle
When assessing the ankle, it includes the functionality of the foot beneath the ankle. Some of the essential points to assess include:
- Circulation – this involves checking the temperature of the foot by comparing it to the uninjured foot. You should also check for the presence of a pulse in the foot or by checking the capillary refill.
- Sensation – this involves touching the toe and asking the individual to identify which toe is touched. Note down if there is tingling or numbness if the damaged foot is touched.
- Motion – instruct the individual to wiggle his/her toes on the injured foot
Positioning the pillow
Place the pillow beneath the damaged ankle. Make sure that the pillow covers the lower leg up to the foot. Remember that it is vital to immobilize the bones above and beneath the injury.
Wrapping the pillow around the ankle
Wrap the pillow around the joint. It should be taped above and below the injury site. Make sure that it is not wrapped too tightly.
Assessment of the limb on the ankle splint
Once the ankle has been immobilized with the pillow, assess again the function of the foot beneath the damaged ankle. Note down any differences between the initial and second assessment.
You can apply an ice pack once the splint is in place. Position it over the pillow.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on creating an ankle splint is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to properly create one, register for a first aid and CPR course with Calgary First Aid.